In economics the shutdown price, sometimes called the shutdown point, is the lowest price a firm in perfect competition is willing to take before shutting down.
- This is shown on a diagram at the point where AR=AVC.
- Only firms in perfect competition have a shutdown price.
- Initially the firm makes a supernormal profit.
- As the price falls the firm will make a normal profit AR=AC.
- As the price falls below AR=AC the firm begins to make a loss.
- The firm can continue to make a loss down to the shutdown price (AR=AVC).
- Below the shutdown price the firm is no longer able to cover its variable costs such as rent, wages or raw materials.
- The firm will shutdown, maybe temporarily, until the price level has risen again.